Custom Search

News

Wednesday 21 February 2007

Effect of serum storage, anti-inflammatory oral doses of prednisone, and spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism on serum glutamate dehydrogenase activity in dogs.

By: Peta HG, Carr AP, Myers SL, Joffe DJ, Kidney BA.

Vet Clin Pathol 2007 Mar;36(1):25-9

BACKGROUND: Glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) is a mitochondrial enzyme with highest activity in periacinar hepatocytes. It is reported to be a sensitive indicator of hepatic injury; however, results of studies regarding tissue specificity are contradictory. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study reported here was to examine the effect of 3 factors on serum GLDH activity in dogs: serum storage, anti-inflammatory oral doses of prednisone, and spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism (HAC). METHODS: Stability of enzyme activity was determined by comparing serum samples stored at approximately 20 degrees C, 4 degrees C, and 20 degrees C for 4, 24, 48, and 72 hours, 1 week, and 6 months. To determine whether orally administered prednisone affected GLDH activity, the median difference in serum GLDH activity was compared between 5 untreated control dogs and 8 dogs that had received a tapering oral dose of prednisone. Lastly, GLDH enzyme activity was compared between 17 dogs with HAC and 16 age-matched controls. RESULTS: GLDH activity remained stable for 48 hours, 1 week, and 6 months, in serum stored at approximately 20 degrees C, 4 degrees C, and 20 degrees C, respectively. The median change in GLDH activity was not significantly different between dogs receiving prednisone and controls; however, dogs with HAC had significantly higher values than those of age-matched controls. CONCLUSIONS: Serum samples should be maintained at 4 degrees C if analysis of GLDH activity will be delayed by >48 hours; serum stored at 20 degrees C yields reliable results for up to 6 months. Serum GLDH activity was not increased in most dogs receiving short-term, anti-inflammatory oral doses of prednisone, in contrast to its increased activity in dogs with HAC.

Use of this site is subject to the following terms of use